Puncak Penulisan Temple Bali
Puncak Penulisan Temple located 1.745 meters above the sea level, around 3 kilometers from Kintamani village or 30 kilometers from the Bangli regency.
Based on Balinese old manuscripts, it was said that Penulisan Hill was also called Tunggal Hill, as its location is separated from the chains of mountains stretching from west to east, as if Bali is divided to parts, the northern and the southern part. Penulisan temple was built around 9th century, the most popular is called as Puncak Penulisan temple, as if lies on a top of Penulisan Hill. The temple has terraces leading to it, up to 11 terraces. The terraces show the continuation of pyramid cultural aspect of megalithic age. Pucak Penulisan is part of temple complexes, where there are other temple complexes there.
Danu temple and Tman Danu temple are located at the third terrace, and Ratu Penyarikan Temple lies at the fourth terrace, at the western part of the temple. The fourth complex is Ratu Daha Tua temple located at the western part in the sixteenth terrace. The last or fifth complex is Panarajon Temple sitting on the eastern part of the hill’s peak. This complex is the highest compared to the other four complexes. Inside the temple complex the visitors could see stone-statues are believed to have come from old Bali era as the heritage of megalithic culture.
The History of the Pucak Penulisan Temple
The temple complex of Penulisan is a complex of untied temples, built in Bronze Age that started around 300BC, continuing into the first millennium A>D. (the tenth century), then this place belonged to Pejeng-Bedulu Kingdom till the conquest of Majapahit Kingdom. The king made written decrees on bronze-plates that make scholars able to know the history of the Kingdom. Many writings contain Hindu and Buddha teaching that is transformed into basic rules. In the yard of the temple complex, there are some halls, which are covered by statues as the portraits of Balinese Kings, queens, and their followers.
Based on archeological data, the temple’s history has been arranged by experts from some inscriptions dating from the eleventh till fifteenth century. Inscription Penulisan 1: dated 1011.A.D. (Balinese Caka Year 933), the King was Mpu Bga Anatah. Inscription from Bukit Indrakila Temple (close to Kintamani village), dated 1016 A>D (Caka 938). T tells that the people of Parcanigayan (the origin where the name of Caningan Village, near Dausa Village in Kintamani. came from) asked their ruler, Anak Wungsu, to attend a celebration going to be held by his wife, Bhatari Mandul.
The demand was granted. Inscription Penulisan V, dated 1332 A>D. (Caka 1254), it reads…t (asu), Ra Ratna Bhumi or Raja Sri Asta Sura Ratna Bhumi or Raja Sri Asta Sura Ratna Bhumi Banten. Raja Sri Asta SuraRatna Bhumi banten is the name of the last Balinese king, who ruled Bali when majapahit expedition led by Gajah mada arrived at Bali (1343). Gajah mada was a famous 14th century general of Majapahit who greatly desired to unite the Indonesian archipelago into one, including Bali. By the Inscription of Penulisan temple, the conclusion derived is that in 1016 A.D, the place was the place for the late wife of Anak Agung Wungsu to pay homage and thanks to the Almighty God.
It continued to serve as the “mountain sanctuary” for Pejeng – Bedulu kingdom from the 10th century until Majaphait’s conquest in 1343, where then, it was only Besakih temple, which served as “mountain sanctuary” for Gelgel Dynasty of Klungkung (15th -17th century).
How To Get To Pucak Penulisan Temple1.10 minutes from kintamani 2.45 minutes from Bangli 3.1 ½ hours from Denpasar.